Which of the following statements regarding distribution channels is (are) bes

Which of the following statements regarding distribution channels is (are) best? a. There are only two members in any distribution channel. b. The transaction channel is concerned with transfer of ownership. c. The distribution channel is concerned with the transfer of goods. d. All of the above are true. e. The transaction channel is concerned with transfer of ownership, and the distribution channel is concerned with the transfer of goods. 2. The particular way materials move will depend on: a. the channels of distribution the firm is using. b. the types of markets served. c. the characteristics of the product. d. all of the above e. none of the above   3. Which of the following activities is NOT considered a function of physical distribution? a. transportation b. production control c. distribution inventory maintenance d. warehousing e. order processing 4. The two criteria for establishing a particular physical distribution system are: a. cost of the system and service level desired. b. service level and cost of carrying inventory. c. cost of transportation and cost of warehousing. d. cost of transportation and materials handling. e. cost of warehousing and cost of inventory.   5. Which of the following statements is (are) best? a. The objective of distribution management is to provide the required level of service at least cost. b. There will be a cost trade-off between the various activities in physical distribution. c. Distribution can operate separately from marketing and production. d. The objective of distribution management is to provide the required level of service at least cost, and there will be a cost trade-off between the various activities in physical distribution. e. There will be a cost trade-off between the various activities in physical distribution, and distribution can operate separately from marketing and production. 6. Which of the following statements is (are) best? a. Physical distribution provides a bridge between marketing and production. b. Physical distribution contributes towards creating demand. c. Replenishment orders to replace field warehouse stocks will not affect production. d. Physical distribution provides a bridge between marketing and production and physical distribution contributes towards creating demand. e. Physical distribution contributes towards creating demand, and replenishment orders to replace field warehouse stocks will not affect production.   7. Which of the following are elements in the cost of carriage? I. Ways II. Vehicles III. Terminals a. I, II, and III b. none of the above c. I and II d. I and III e. II and III 8. Which of the following statements is true? a. Railways are best at moving small volumes of bulky goods over short distances. b. Road transport is the least flexible of all the modes. c. Air cargo should be used for fast service over short distances. d. All of the above are true. e. None of the above is true.   9. A shipper moving expensive goods of small size from Boston to Seattle would likely use: a. air. b. motor. c. rail. d. water. e. none of the above 10. Considering the service desired and the relative cost of the item, which of the following would you most likely ship by truck? a. regular shipments of cut flowers b. regular shipments of iron ore c. regular shipments of grain d. regular shipments of cut flowers and regular shipments of iron ore e. regular shipments of iron ore and regular shipments of grain   11. Which of the following is true? a. Because of high capital cost, rail must have a large volume of traffic to justify the expense. b. Water transport requires low rates of energy per ton mile moved. c. Operating costs per ton mile tend to be low for trucks. d. Because of high capital cost, rail must have a large volume of traffic to justify the expense, and water transport requires low rates of energy per ton mile moved. e. Water transport requires low rates of energy per ton mile moved, and operating costs per ton mile tend to be low for trucks. 12. Of the five modes of transportation, which one requires the lowest capital investment? a. air b. motor c. rail d. water e. pipeline   13. Which mode would provide the fastest service capability? a. air b. motor c. rail d. water 14. Which of the following statements is FALSE? a. Pipeline capital costs are high in comparison with other modes. b. Air cargo is generally used for low-value bulky items. c. Truck transport is suitable for distribution of small-volume goods to a dispersed market. d. Water transport is slower than rail. e. Rail transport is more suited to bulky low-value items than is road transport.   15. Which of the following is true? a. The service capability of mode depends only on transit time. b. Air transport is the most expensive mode. c. Reliability of service and area covered are not important in selecting a mode. d. All of the above are true. e. Air transport is the most expensive mode, and reliability of service and area covered are not important in selecting a mode. 16. Which mode would provide the slowest service capability? a. air b. motor c. rail d. water   17. A contract carrier provides: a. a service available to the general public. b. a scheduled service. c. published rates. d. all of the above e. none of the above 18. In which case(s) would you use common carriers instead of contract carriers? a. regular delivery by a food chain to its stores b. shipment to customers by a mail order house c. regular shipment of paper from a mill to its warehouse d. regular delivery by a food chain to its stores, and shipment to customers by a mail order house e. regular delivery by a food chain to its stores, and regular shipment of paper from a mill to its warehouse   19. Which of the following types of transportation will provide the best service capability? a. common b. contract c. private d. any of the above e. none of the above 20. In which case(s) would you use contract carriers instead of common carriers? a. regular delivery by a food chain to its stores b. shipment to customers by a mail order house c. regular shipment of paper from a mill to its warehouse d. regular delivery by a food chain to its stores, and shipment to customers by a mail order house e. regular delivery by a food chain to its stores, and regular shipment of paper from a mill to its warehouse   21. Which mode of transportation would cost the MOST per ton mile? a. air b. motor (truck) c. rail d. water 22. Which mode of transportation would cost the LEAST per ton mile? a. air b. motor (truck) c. rail d. water   23. Which of the following are elements in transportation cost? a. line haul b. pickup and delivery c. terminal handling d. all of the above e. none of the above 24. Which of the following is correct? a. Consolidating shipments reduces billing and collecting costs. b. Line-haul cost per hundredweight can be reduced by increasing the weight shipped. c. Shipping costs will be higher with common carriers than with contract carriers. d. All of the above are correct. e. None of the above is correct.   25. A shipper wishing to reduce transportation costs will: a. ship only in small quantities. b. ship to LTL lots. c. use trucks for all his shipments. d. all of the above e. none of the above 26. Consolidating shipments will reduce which of the following costs? a. pickup and delivery b. terminal handling c. billing and collecting d. all of the above e. none of the above   27. TOTAL line-haul costs will vary directly with: a. the distance moved. b. the weight moved. c. the density of the goods. d. the distance moved and the weight moved. e. the weight moved and the density of the goods. 28. The rate charged by a carrier will vary with: I. The value of the goods. II. The density of the goods. III. The color of the goods. a. all of the above b. I and II only c. I and III only d. II and III only e. I only   29. To decrease shipping costs, a shipper will: I. Increase the weight shipped. II. Consolidate shipments. III. Use a common carrier rather than a contract carrier. a. all of the above b. I and II only c. I and III only d. II and III only e. I only 30. Which of the following statements is true? a. Goods are stored in a distribution warehouse for long periods of time. b. A depository for documents is an example of a security warehouse. c. Warehouses improve customer service. d. Goods are stored in a distribution warehouse for long periods of time, and a depository for documents is an example of a security warehouse. e. A depository for documents is an example of a security warehouse, and warehouses improve customer service.   31. Which of the following is NOT an important role of distribution centers? a. transportation consolidation b. in-transit inventory c. product mixing d. break-bulk storage e. customer service 32. The market boundary is: a. a location beyond which a source cannot supply. b. the line between two or more supply sources where the laid-down cost is the same. c. an agreed-upon boundary beyond which competition will not sell. d. the extent of a market area. e. a legal limitation placed on the delivery of goods.   33. Which of the following is a basic role of packaging in distribution? I. Identify the product. II. Contain and protect the product. III. Contribute to physical distribution efficiency. IV. Be an important part of the marketing program. a. all of the above b. I, II, and III only c. I, II, and IV only d. II, III, and IV only e. none of the above 34. The consolidation of several units into larger units for fewer handlings is called: a. unitization. b. consolidation. c. cube utilization. d. packaging. e. materials handling.   35. Which of the following statements is (are) best regarding materials handling in distribution systems? I. One objective of materials handling is to increase cube utilization. II. Materials handling can increase the service level. III. Gasoline-powered industrial trucks are used indoors. a. All the above are true. b. I and II are true. c. I and III are true. d. II and III are true. e. Only I is true. 36. Which of the following statements is (are) best? a. Materials handling costs are relatively constant as warehouses are added, but after a point will start to rise. b. Inventory costs remain constant as the number of warehouses increases. c. Packaging costs increase as the number of warehouses increases. d. Materials handling costs are relatively constant as warehouses are added, but after a point will start to rise, and inventory costs remain constant as the number of warehouses increases. e. Materials handling costs are relatively constant as warehouses are added, but after a point will start to rise, and packaging costs increase as the number of warehouses increases.   37. As more warehouses are added to a physical distribution system, we can expect: a. the cost of TL and CL shipments to increase. b. the cost of LCL and LTL shipments to decrease. c. total transportation costs to decrease. d. all of the above e. the cost of TL and CL shipments to increase, and the cost of LCL and LTL shipments to decrease. 38. Which of the following is the best statement? a. As more warehouses are added to a system, TL and CL shipment costs increase. b. Pickup and delivery costs are reduced by consolidation. c. Water transportation requires less energy per ton mile moved than any other mode. d. All of the above are best. e. None of the above is best.   39. Which of the following statements is true regarding goods in a reverse logistics system? a. Volumes are equal to the forward logistics system. b. They travel through the same terminals as the forward logistics system. c. The goods tend to be small in quantity. d. Little product information is required. e. All of the above are true. 40. Reverse logistics: a. calculates total delivery cost from customer to producer. b. is the return of goods. c. is easily automated. d. is always done by a company's carrier selection. e. is best applied to small diverse markets.   41. Which management area does NOT normally have transportation responsibility? a. logistics b. purchasing c. manufacturing d. marketing e. All of the above normally have responsibility for transportation. 42. The distances in today's supply chains produce: a. higher costs. b. longer transit times. c. higher costs and more disruptions. d. all of the above   43. Transportation efficiencies promote: a. competition. b. decreased capacity. c. KPIs. d. slower services. e. longer distances. 44. The LTL costs of a product moving through a supply chain are $1 per mile, and there is a warehouse 200 miles from central supply. Truckload costs to the warehouse are $50, and the warehouse handling and storage costs are $10. The cost to ship the product to the warehouse is $50. The market boundary for this supply chain is: a. 260 miles. b. 130 miles. c. 125 miles. d. 100 miles. e. 50 miles.   45. Which of the following costs is NOT included in the total laid-down cost of a product shipped through a regional warehouse? a. product cost b. warehouse cost c. TL to warehouse d. warehousing cost e. market boundary cost